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Wing Array by GeneralTate Wing Array by GeneralTate
In 1949, the Air Force conducted initial testing with a little known experiment to evaluate wing tip coupling with a Douglas C-47 Skytrain and a Culver Q-14 Cadet at the Wright Air Development Center at Wright Field in Ohio. Theory predicted that increasing the aspect ratio of an airplane wing by attaching another wing at its tip improved aerodynamic efficiency, offsetting the drag of the smaller plane. A bomber would be able to tow a fighter into a combat zone with little loss of range.

As expected, this idea proved to be highly dangerous, and even more so once experimentation began with larger and faster aircraft.

The biggest problem was the extreme vortex that was generated at the wingtips of the EB-29A, which caused the attached parasites to roll violently. The entire three-plane EF-84B/EB-29A/EF-84B array crashed as a unit on April 24, 1953, killing all the crewmembers. The project was terminated shortly thereafter.
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:iconraguleader:
RaguLeader Featured By Owner Jun 18, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
I wonder if wing fences or winglets on the Superfort could have alleviated the vortices?  Then again, I wonder if they had even started playing with such things at this point...
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:icongeneraltate:
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Jun 18, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Yeah it was so early in the project that they hadn't put much thought into it. Even at that it was cancelled due to the danger level before it could even be improved upon. With the introduction of airtankers this idea was simply impractical much like the parasite fighters also in development at the time.  
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:iconairshowdave:
AirshowDave Featured By Owner Apr 19, 2013  Professional Photographer
I was so surprised to read this that I had to read more, here is somthing from Wikipedia, I know their info is is not always correct but I think you will find this interesting. =)


EF-84D
Two F-84Ds, EF-84D 48-641 and EF-84D 48-661 were modified with coupling devices; 641 starboard wing, 661 port wing for "Tip-Tow Project MX106 Wing Coupling Experiments." An EB-29A 44-62093 was modified with coupling devices on both wings. Because of the difference in landing gear lengths, the three aircraft took off separately and couple/uncoupled in-flight. The pilot of 641 was Major John M. Davis and the pilot of 661 was Major C.E. "Bud" Anderson.
"One of the more interesting experiments undertaken to extend the range of the early jets in order to give fighter protection to the piston-engine bombers, was the provision for in-flight attachment/detachment of fighter to bomber via wingtip connections. One of the several programs during these experiments was done with a B-29 mother ship and two F-84D 'children', and was code named 'Tip Tow'. A number of flights were undertaken, with several successful cycles of attachment and detachment, using, first one, and then two F-84s. The pilots of the F-84s maintained manual control when attached, with roll axis maintained by elevator movement rather than aileron movement. Engines on the F-84s were shut down in order to save fuel during the 'tow' by the mother ship, and in-flight engine restarts were successfully accomplished. The experiment ended in disaster during the first attempt to provide automatic flight control of the F-84s, when the electronics apparently malfunctioned. The left hand F-84 rolled onto the wing of the B-29, and the connected aircraft both crashed with loss of all on board personnel (Anderson had uncoupled so was did not crash with the other two aircraft)."[8]
F-84E
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:icongeneraltate:
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Apr 19, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Aah very interesting thank's :)
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:iconairshowdave:
AirshowDave Featured By Owner Apr 19, 2013  Professional Photographer
:thumbsup:=)
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:iconroen911:
rOEN911 Featured By Owner Apr 19, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
is that for real?
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:icongeneraltate:
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Apr 19, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Yeah :)
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:icongrummancat:
GrummanCat Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2013
I remember reading about this in my B-36 book. At least the Goblin didn't kill anybody.
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:icongeneraltate:
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Apr 19, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Well it was an array of parasite designs, once aerial refueling became a safe practice this became rather outdated for manned use.
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:iconswiftflyer:
SwiftFlyer Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2013  Hobbyist Photographer
This did not work out too well.
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:icongeneraltate:
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Nope
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:iconf16crewchief:
F16CrewChief Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2013  Hobbyist Photographer
Project Tom Tom
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:icongeneraltate:
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Aah elaborate please !
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:iconf16crewchief:
F16CrewChief Featured By Owner Apr 20, 2013  Hobbyist Photographer
That program of wingtip mounted escort fighters eventually led to project Tom Tom. This had provisions for two F/ RF-84F fighters mounted to the wingtips of a B-36.
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:icongeneraltate:
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Apr 20, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Wow neat
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:iconf16crewchief:
F16CrewChief Featured By Owner Apr 20, 2013  Hobbyist Photographer
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:icongeneraltate:
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Apr 20, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Awesome :)
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:iconf16crewchief:
F16CrewChief Featured By Owner Apr 20, 2013  Hobbyist Photographer
I have some photos in books of the Culver Cadets on the C-47s, The EF-84Ds on the B-29s as well as the acft mentioned in the link. I kinda liked all of the FICON stuff back then.
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:icongeneraltate:
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Apr 20, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Do share when you get the chance
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(1 Reply)
:iconmyekeh:
myekeh Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2013  Student Photographer
did they ever try towing?
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:icongeneraltate:
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Yes back in the 1940's they did a lot of towing it was done with gliders on the other hand.[link]

As you can imagine it is harder with sound barrier braking jets. These models weren't capable of braking the speed of sound though.
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:iconmyekeh:
myekeh Featured By Owner Apr 19, 2013  Student Photographer
thanks, good that you are doing this on DA!
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:icongeneraltate:
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Apr 19, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
:)
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:iconrtjdudek:
RTJDudek Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
They would have achieved greater success if they just replaced the propeller engines of B-29 with jet engines.
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:icongeneraltate:
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Uuh straight wing would pose a problem. They did on the other hand do this on the B-50 [link]
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:iconrtjdudek:
RTJDudek Featured By Owner Apr 19, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Really ? I saw couple of early US jet aircraft with straight wings:
- B-45 [link]
- P-80 [link]
- P-59 [link]
- T-33 [link]
- F-84 [link]
least some of those remained in service for certain period of time.
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:icongeneraltate:
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Apr 19, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
I know this did this with fighters, a straight winged jet powered strategic bombers a bit of a different story.
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:iconhighwindwarrior1988:
highwindwarrior1988 Featured By Owner Apr 17, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
the precision alone was amazing, takes alot of concentration to dock with an aircraft... (this is coming from a pilot...)
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:icongeneraltate:
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Apr 17, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Yeah
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:iconhighwindwarrior1988:
highwindwarrior1988 Featured By Owner Apr 17, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
XD
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:iconwing-1plz:
wing-1plz Featured By Owner Apr 17, 2013
I would not enter something that looked like that.
I would dishonorably discharge
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:icongeneraltate:
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Apr 17, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
in the military you don't have a choice
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:iconafterskies:
Afterskies Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2013  Hobbyist Interface Designer
You do for such projects. They're volunteer only.
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:icongeneraltate:
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
True
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:iconwing-1plz:
wing-1plz Featured By Owner Apr 17, 2013
as a human you do lol
you could say fuck that
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:icongeneraltate:
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Apr 17, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Well you conclusion as to what would happen is correct
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:iconwing-1plz:
wing-1plz Featured By Owner Apr 17, 2013
wings~
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:iconlancetheb1:
LancetheB1 Featured By Owner Apr 17, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Just looking at the picture, that looks incredibly dangerous
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:icongeneraltate:
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Apr 17, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
It was
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